L/W | D | Date | Lecture and Assignment |

1/1 | M | 8/23 | Introductions.
*Lecture:* Overview: Speech production, Acoustics, Psychophysics, neural and information processing. Entropy: Its meaning, definition and the intuition behind it;
*Read:* Flanagan, Chapt. 1: djvu; Book: djvu |

2 | W | 8/25 | *Lecture:* Mechanisms of Speech production: Sounds of speech: Vowels and consonants;
*Read:* Chapter 2 djvu;
**HW1:** Basic Acoustics (due Wed 9/8) (HW01.pdf,HW01-sol.pdf) |

3 | F | 8/27 | *Lecture:* Basic acoustics and the ABCD-Transmission (Chain) matrix; Acoustic Transmission lines;
*Text:* Flanagan, Ch. 3.1-3.2 djvu;
*Read:* Flanagan, Ch. 2.2 djvu |

4/2 | M | 8/30 | *Lecture:* Solution of 1-D transmission line equation: *Text:* Sec. 6.26; Lip radiation impedance + Sec. 3.3 |

5 | W | 9/1 | *Lecture:* Intensity, speech power; sound level; dB, dB-SPL, Pressure, volume velocity, impedance. Vowels, Formants;
**HW2:** TL and reflectance (due Fri 9/17) (pdf, sol-pdf) |

6 | F | 9/3 | *Lecture:*d'Alembert solutions for 1-D and 3-D transmission lines; Sound propagation in tubes in speech production; Introduction to reflectance;
*Read:*: Wave model of the Cat eardrum, Parent and Allen 2007 (djvu, pdf), 2010 Human ear canal djvu, ;
*Review:* Matlab filter design, bilinear Z, FIR, IIR |

-/3 | M | 9/6 | Labor Day Holiday -- No class |

7/3 | W | 9/8 | *Lecture:* Transmission Lines with complex loads and the Propagated Reflectance;
*Text:* Flanagan, Ch. VI (Sect. 6.262, pp 272-276);
*Readings:* Bilbao PhD Thesis p. 1-15 djvu |

8 | F | 9/10 | *Lecture:*Impedance and reflectance at a tube junction (Karal correction djvu), and half-sphere (the mouth)
*Text:*: Ch. 3, Sec. 3.3, pages 136-152 |

9/4 | M | 9/13 | *Lecture*: 2-port networks;
*Read:*: **Bilabo Thesis** (see page 14) djvu; Text Chap. 3, sect. 3.8.1 pages 31-34 radiation impedance load;
*Review:* Rosowski, Carney and Peak (1988) on the cat middle ear djvu; *Background material:* Guinan and Peak djvu; Lynch et al. 1982 djvu |

10 | W | 9/15 | *Lecture:* cont. 2-port and the 3-port nasal tract; Network Postulates djvu;
**HW3:** TLs with complex terminations (due in two weeks on Wed 9/29); *Simulation of the middle ear:* V1.1-pdf;sol-pdf
*Optional Read:* Thevenin (djvu), Norton (djvu)
*Read:* Peterson and Barney (1952) djvu and Peterson (1952) djvu Conversion tables for 2-ports (djvu); |

11 | F | 9/17 | *Lecture:* Signal processing review: Fourier Series, Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform, ZT, DTFT, DFT, FFT; |

12/5 | M | 9/20 | *Lecture:* STFT window methods; Inverse STFT; STFT for speech processing with analysis/synthesis; filtering; Allen & Rabiner (1977) djvu Reading spectrograms |

- | - | - | `Not proofed beyond here` |

13 | W | 9/22 | *Lecture:* History of acoustics:
**BC:** Pythagoras; Aristotle;
**17C:** Mersenne, Marin; Galilei, Galileo; Hooke, Robert; Boyle, Robert; Newton, Sir Issac;
**18C:** Bernoulli, Daniel; Euler; d'Alembert;
**19C:** Gauss; Laplace; Fourier; Lagrange; Helmholtz; Heaviside; Strutt, William; Rayleigh, Lord; Bell, AG
**20C:** Campbell, George; Hilbert, David; Noether, Emmy; Fletcher, Harvey; Nyquist, Harry; Bode, Henrik; Dudley, Homer; Shannon, Claude; Flanagan, James; |

14 | F | 9/24 | *Lecture:* HW2 review; Impedance and reflectance; Bernoulli's equation Wiki
*Text:* Flanagan pp 41-53; *Read:* vanDen Berg (1957) djvu |

15/6 | M | 9/27 | *Lecture:* The glottal oscillator; Bernoulli Eq. Derivation;
*Read:*: Flanagan Sec. 3.74 pages 69-72 |

16 | W | 9/29 | ** HW3 due**;
*Lecture:* Linear prediction of speech;
**HW4:** Vocal-Tract Simulation: *Due Wed 10/20* (pdf, files);
*Read:* Flanagan Sec. 8.112, pp 372-376; Sec. 8.13, pp 390-395; Atal and Hanauer (1971) pdf,djvu; |

17 | F | 10/1 | Review of HW3;
*Lecture:* Cepstral analysis;
*Read:*: Flanagan Chap. 8, pp 361-363; Begin writing your Final exam: *Part I*; |

18/7 | M | 10/4 | Pre-review HW4
*Lecture:* CELP coding; In-class review for Exam I |

19 | W | 10/6 | *Lecture:* Room acoustics; point source; 1, 2 and 6 wall Image method; Wall reflection coef. for finite impedance walls *Di and Gilbert (1993)* djvu |

-/8 | F | 10/8 | no class due to Exam I HW5 (ver 1.03 10/21/08): LPC (Due 1 week 10/20), Speech samples |

- | F | 10/8 | Exam I: Modeling the VT, STFT, Signal processing of speech;
*Time:* Fri (Oct. 8), 11AM-1PM; *Place:* 225 Talbot Lab (north of EL); |

20/8 | M | 10/11 | *Lecture:* Psychoacoustics I: Intensity JND and the near-miss; Internal noise model of the JND Riesz pure-tone intensity JND (1928) djvu Masking; Weber's and Fechner's Law; Introduction to loudness, Steven's Law; Loudness Lecture notes (Allen): pdf
*Read:*: Flanagan Chapter 4 (pdf, original pdf, djvu)
**HW4 due** |

21 | W | 10/13 | *Lecture:* Psychoacoustics II: Frequency JND, semitone, Internal noise and Masking; relation between the intensity and frequency JND (Cochlear frequency response and the slope of the tuning curve);
*Read:*: Allen Review (pages 20-30) djvu, Fletcher and Munson (1933) (pp 82-94) djvu |

22 | F | 10/15 | *Lecture:* Cochlear Physiology I:Middle ear and inner ear (Cochlear) anatomy, basilar membrane, 1D Models, Hair cells, Nonlinear basilar membrane;
*Read:*: Review of Cochlear Modeling: Part II (pp 19-28): (pdf, djvu); Wegel and Lane (1924); MIT/HST-725: The auditory system pdf |

23/9 | M | 10/18 | *Lecture:* Cochlear Physiology II: traveling waves, neural tuning curves, critical bands, hair cells, neural masking, Upward spread of masking; Forward masking; Auditory Pathway I: Neural Tuning pdf
*Read:*: Review of Cochlear Modeling (pp 1-19) (djvu); Part I Supplement: Pitch: MIT HST725-5 Pitch models pdf Fletcher and Pitch djvu |

24 | W | 10/20 | *Lecture:* Cochlear Physiology III: Micromechanics, OHC, IHC Lecture Notes (djvu): Modeling the Cochlea and Organ of Corti, and
*Read:*: Wegel and Lane (1924), Part II (djvu)
**HW6:** STFT/OLA/Speech coding (Due Wed 11/17)HW6-sol |

25 | F | 10/22 | *Lecture:* Psychoacoustics III: Relations between Psychophysics and the cochlea; Greenwood's place-map function; forward masking; upward spread of masking
*Read:*: Review of Cochlear Modeling (pp 1-19) (djvu), Part I; Fletcher and Munson (1933) (pp 82-94) (djvu) |

26/10 | M | 10/25 | *Lecture:* Cochlear Physiology IV: Nonlinear Cochlear model; supplement: The Auditory Nerve (djvu)
*Read:*: 'Representation of speech-like sounds ... auditory-nerve fibers' Delgutte (1980)(djvu);
*HW7:* (not assigned this year) |

27 | W | 10/27 | *Lecture:* Cochlear Critical bands: upward spread of masking; 2 tone suppression;
*Read:*: 'Carlin's Postulates' of network theory (djvu); 'Harvey Fletcher's role ...' (all but the AI section) (djvu) |

28 | F | 10/29 | *Lecture:* Prof. Wickesberg, Auditory Pathway (AN+CN), Part I: Fall 2008 ppt (Fall 2006 Part I: djvu) |

29/11 | M | 11/1 | *Lecture:* Prof. Wickesberg, Auditory Pathway (AN+CN): Part II: djvu |

30 | W | 11/3 | *Lecture:* Prof. Pandya: The central auditory system (A1 with BN stimulation) (pdf) |

31 | F | 11/5 | *Lecture:* Information theory I: Information, Entropy, Relative Entropy; Channel Capacity
*Read:*: pp 1-10 Shannon (1948) (djvu, pdf I+pdf II) |

32/12 | M | 11/8 | *Lecture:* Information theory II: Morse code example Shannon Channel
*Read:*: Shannon (1950) (djvu, pdf) |

33 | W | 11/10 | *Lecture:* Information theory III:; Entropy, Relative Entropy, Markov models, State diagram; |

34 | F | 11/12 | *Lecture:* EM algorithm: Example: Speech and noise separation Compressed sensing Demo
*Read:*: French and Steinberg (1947) (djvu); Good-Turing djvu Discussion of the EM alg. with examples |

35/13 | M | 11/15 | *Lecture:* Articulation Index/Speech Transmission Index/Speech Intelligibility Index; *Support material:* RV Shannon *et al* (1995) djvu, Smith *et al* (2002) djvu HW8 solution: pdf |

36 | W | 11/17 | *Lecture:* STI/SII; Review for Exam II;
*Read:*: Steeneken & Houtgast (1980) Speech Transmission Index (djvu) and Houtgast (1989) Modulation detection (djvu) |

- | R | 11/18 | **Exam II:** (NO CLASS Friday 11/19) Psychoacoustics, Physiology, Speech, LPC, Tubes, Historical items;Place: EL-143; Time: 7-9 PM
**DUE:** Preliminary version of your Final Exam for review |

- | - | - | Thanksgiving Holiday (11/22-11/28) |

37/14 | M | 11/29 | *Lecture:* Human speech recognition (HSR), Articulation Index (AI), average score: P_{c}(AI)=1-e_{chance}e_{min}^{AI}, The confusion matrix (CM), maximum entropy syllable error models, etc.; Allen notes (djvu)
*Read:*: Continue with French and Steinberg (1947)djvu; Miller Nicely (1955) djvu; Miller Nicely confusions as a function of the articulation index; entropy, grouping and chance djvu
**HW8:** Information processing (Due Fri 11/21); (pdf, files)
*Assignment:* Work on Final exam |

38 | W | 12/1 | *Lecture:* Effects of language and semantic context Miller (1962), Boothroyd (1988),
*Allen Notes:* Events and the AI(djvu)
*Read:* Miller, Heisen and Lichten (1951) (djvu) |

39 | F | 12/3 | *Lecture:* Language context models, Boothroyd; Bronkhorst93 |

40/15 | M | 12/6 | *Lecture:* Language context models, cont., Bronkhorst93 |

41 | W | 12/8 | *Lecture:* not Prof. Richard Sproat and ``Alice in wonderland`` ppt
*Read:* W. Li *Random texts exhibit Zipf's-Law* djvu |

0 | R | 12/9 | Reading Day; HW8 due |

-/15 | M | 12/9-13 | Final Due Dec 9-13 TBD |